Thursday, October 19, 2023
Venue: Frankfurt Studio | Foyer Hall 4.0 | 12:00 – 13:00 CEST
Within the explosion of natural language processing applications gaining academic and popular attention over the past year, reflecting on its implications on other important key trends in scholarly discourse is critical. In this mini-conference organized by the Society for Scholarly Publishing and its Scholarly Kitchen Blog, panelists will explore these two important issues facing the scholarly publishing community through the lens of artificial intelligence tools.
Session 1: AI and Its Impact on OA
Artificial intelligence applications are often trained on a large corpus of data, and many developers have turned to open access content as a primary source of current textual data with which to train their models. This is one of the beneficial applications envisioned when proponents of OA highlighted the benefits of open access. However, this situation creates a number of secondary questions, such as attribution required by CC BY licenses, commercial use of CC BY-NC content, quality issues arising from predatory publications, mining of preprints, or the inclusion or not of indigenous knowledge in these systems.
- Moderator: Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO
- Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO
- Robert Harington, Associate Executive Director, Publishing, American Mathematical Society
- Julie Kostova, Director, Publishing, Frontiers
- Roy Kaufman, Managing Director Business Development and Government Relations, Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)
Session 2: AI and Its Impact on Research Integrity
Artificial intelligence tools also present challenges for research integrity. Generative content systems can be used to create papers, or images that might be used in scholarly communications. Obviously, outright fraud potentially possible by using these tools is inappropriate behavior, but other applications might require a more nuanced consideration. Perhaps a researcher uses an AI application to help with the fact that English is their second language and uses the tool to improve their style. When is the line crossed? Meanwhile, publishers are exploring the use of neural network tools to discern fraudulent submissions. Are these as reliable as they purport to be?
- Leslie D. McIntosh, VP of Research Integrity, Digital Science
- Anita Dewaard, VP of Research Collaborations, Elsevier
- Avi Staiman, Founder and CEO, Academic Language Experts
SSP Members are eligible for a 20% discount on tickets for day visitors. See SSP’s benefits programs for more details.
Todd Carpenter currently serves as Executive Director of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), a non-profit association that develops and maintains standards for the creation, persistent management, and effective interchange of information. In this role, he works with organizations across the publishing, library and software provider communities, building coalitions to improve efficiency in systems to deliver content to users. Prior to joining NISO, Todd was Director of Business Development at BioOne. He also held management positions at The Johns Hopkins University Press, the Energy Intelligence Group, and the Haworth Press. He has served on the Boards of several industry and community organizations, including FORCE11, the Baltimore County Public Library, the Book Industry Study Group and the Society for Scholarly Publishing. He contributes regularly as a Chef on the Scholarly Kitchen and is author of dozens of papers on library and publishing systems. He is presently writing a book on our everyday interactions with metadata. Todd is a graduate of Syracuse University and holds a masters degree in business from the Johns Hopkins University.
Anita de Waard (she/her) is VP of Research Collaborations at Elsevier. Her work focuses on working with academic and industry partners on projects pertaining to progressing models and frameworks for scholarly communication. Since 1997, she has worked on bridging the gap between science publishing and computational and information technologies. Her efforts include working on a semantic model for research papers, co-founding the interdisciplinary member organization Force11, and supporting models for research data management in cross-stakeholder alliances such as the Research Data Alliance and the NIST Research Data Framework, and through a series of workshops on Scholarly Document Processing. Her current work focuses on developing collaborations to improve trust, reproducibility and research integrity in scholarly communications. Anita has a degree in low-temperature physics from Leiden and worked in Moscow before joining Elsevier as a physics publisher in 1988; she hails from the Netherlands, and lives in a forest in Vermont.
Robert M. Harington is Associate Executive Director, Publishing at the American Mathematical Society. Robert has the responsibility for driving strategic growth and management of the AMS publishing program for books, journals and electronic products. Robert also serves on the MathJax Steering Committee. Robert came to the AMS from the American Institute of Physics, where he served as Publisher, successfully leading AIP’s move away from its traditional role as a provider of publishing services, moving on to focus on serving the publishing needs of its member societies and AIP’s own journals. He has forged an international career working in both non-profit and commercial settings, with rich experience across the United States, Europe, and Asia. Robert holds a doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Oxford, and a first-class honours degree in chemistry from the University of London.
Roy Kaufman is Managing Director of both Business Development and Government Relations for the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC). Prior to CCC, Kaufman served as Legal Director, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. He is a member of, among other things, the Bar of the State of New York, the Author’s Guild, and the editorial board of UKSG Insights. Kaufman also advises the US Government on international trade matters through membership in International Trade Advisory Committee (ITAC) 13 – Intellectual Property and the Library of Congress’s Copyright Public Modernization Committee in addition to serving on the Board of the United States Intellectual Property Alliance (USIPA). He was the founding corporate Secretary of CrossRef, and formerly chaired its legal working group. He has written and lectured extensively on the subjects of copyright, licensing, open access, text/data mining, new media, artists’ rights, and art law. Kaufman is Editor-in-Chief of Art Law Handbook: From Antiquities to the Internet and author of two books on publishing contract law. He is a graduate of Brandeis University and Columbia Law School.
Julia Kostova, PhD, is Director of Publishing and head of the US division at Frontiers, the 3rd most cited and 6th largest scholarly publisher in the world. In this role, Dr Kostova leads Frontiers’ strategy in the US with the mission of making science open, accessible, and trustworthy, supporting researchers, authors, and institutions in this transition. In her role, she is also actively engaged in science and technology policy, advocating for support for sustainable open science and investment to build trust in science. With Frontiers being a pioneer in AI in the scholarly publishing industry, Dr Kostova has spoken at leading forums and events about the myriads of ways in which this technology will transform the knowledge landscape. A 20-year veteran of the publishing industry, Dr Kostova has worked at leading publishing houses like Wiley’s Global Research Division and Oxford University Press. Dr Kostova is a strong advocate of cultivating and mentoring women executives and leaders, having held a fellowship at Women in Power at 92Y in New York City. She holds a PhD in French literature from Rutgers University, and has taught at Columbia and Rutgers Universities for over a decade.
Dr. Leslie McIntosh is the VP of Research Integrity at Digital Science and dedicates her work to improving research and investigating and reducing mis- and disinformation in science.
As an academic turned entrepreneur, she founded Ripeta in 2017 to improve research quality and integrity. Now part of Digital Science, the Ripeta algorithms lead in detecting trust markers of research manuscripts. She works around the globe with governments, publishers, institutions, and companies to improve research and scientific decision-making. She has given hundreds of talks including to the US-NIH, NASA, and World Congress on Research Integrity, and consulted with the US, Canadian, and European governments. Dr. McIntosh’s work was the most-read RetractionWatch post of 2022.
Avi Staiman is the founder and CEO of Academic Language Experts, an author services company dedicated to leveling the research playing field for ESL scholars. He is also the co-founder of SciWriter.ai, the first co-pilot that helps researchers supercharge their writing with responsible AI. Avi is involved in the scholarly publication community as a chef at Scholarly Kitchen, co-host of the New Books Network ‘Scholarly Communication’ Podcast, and as a reviewer for Wiley’s Learned Publishing journal. Avi is a thought leader on AI tools for research, bridging the gap between publishers and authors and how to support and empower ESL researchers. He is a core member of CANGARU, where he represents EASE in creating legislation and policy for the responsible use of AI in research. He has been a guest lecturer at NYU’s Master’s Program in Translation & Interpreting and the University of Tokyo. His essays have appeared in the Cambridge University Press Blog, The Scholarly Kitchen, Multilingual, and Times Higher Education.